LETTER: Electric cars produce emissions too
SOME people believe battery-powered cars and planes are exciting new clean "zero-emissions" vehicles.
Every battery needs primary energy and resources for production, recharging, replacing and recycling.
Batteries require lots of expensive raw materials, including lead, calcium, nickel, cadmium, lithium, hydrogen, plus ancillary copper, steel, zinc, aluminium and plastic. All need primary energy like coal or gas for mining, manufacture, construction, recharging and recycling.
Batteries have an important place in our lives. But they are not "emissions free".